Swat Valley History and Complete Tour Guide

The official name is Swat mostly known by tourist is Swat Valley. It is otherwise called Switzerland of the East. You can imagine its beauty by the fact that people also know it as Paradise on the earth. It is situated in Swat District. The Swat Valley is a high-altitude tourist destination located in the northwestern mountains of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. The Swat Valley is located at 35 ° 12′N 72 ° 29′E on the Swat River, about 247 kilometers (153 miles) from Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan.

Although the Swat Valley is famous for its magnificent natural beauty, its 5,337 km2 (2,061 sq mi) area, its many tourist attractions are relatively undiscovered.

Until the Swat Valley became part of Pakistan in 1969, Yousafzai remained a prosperous independent state called Swat.

Swat borders Chitral in the northwest, Dir in the west, Malakand in the south, and Buner in the southeast. Shangla in the east, Kohistan in the northeast and Gilgit-Baltistan in the north.

The History of Swat Valley

Although Swat is geographically isolated from the plains and mountains of Peshawar. This valley has been an important point of contact between the major civilizations of the world. Throughout the history of Swat, the Valley has been connecting China with Central Asia and Europe. Alexander the Great, Mahmud Ghazni and the Mughal emperor Babar entered India through the lower reaches of the Swat valley.

Why Sawat Known as Paradise on the earth

The British Queen Elizabeth II during her visit to Swat in 1961 referred to Swat as “Switzerland of the east (Pakistan/Asia)” because of its scene likenesses and similarity in beautiful excellence with Switzerland. Furthermore, Swat Valley has lovely climate and thus, local people and vacationers refer to it as “a paradise on the earth”.

Popularity of Swat Valley

The Swat Valley is known for its natural wonders, including its rich variety of landscapes and natural wildlife. Swat is rich in natural countryside, lush forests and impressive high peaks. All of this attracts tourists as well as providing natural habitat suitable for wildlife.

Other famous features of Swat are: Its magnificent freshwater lakes, rivers, springs, waterfalls, and pleasant weather. All this together makes it a safe haven for tourism in Pakistan.

Summer and winter tourism are also prominent features of Swat. In summer, Swat is famous for hiking, trekking, camping, zip lining, chairlift / cable car ride, public holidays, and honeymoon.

Winter sports activities in Swat make it one of the most popular and enjoyable tourist destinations in Pakistan. In winter, national and international tourists come to the [2,804 m (9,199 ft)] Swat Valley to enjoy skiing, ice skating, sliding, ice hockey, bandy, snowboarding, speed skating, curling and more.

Languages Spoken in Swat.

Swat’s mother tongue is Pashto, which is spoken throughout the valley. Other languages that are widely understood in Swat are Urdu, English and Persian. As an English speaking tourist, you will always easily find a local who will communicate with you in English.

Weather and climate of Swat Valley

The weather in Swat is actually quite mild and changeable but rarely very hot. Despite being a relatively small valley, the most amazing thing about Swat’s climate is how it differs from region to region. You may experience ‘four seasons in one day’, but travel 20-30 minutes in any direction and the weather is usually quite different!

When it is spring in Swat, you can expect average maximum temperature of about 7 ° C (45 ° F) to 13 ° C (55 ° F) during March, April and May. Are

The summer months of June, July and August are usually the hottest months in Swat, with average maximum temperatures ranging from about 15 ° C (59 ° F) to 17 ° C (63 ° F). ۔ In the fall (or autumn), Swat is likely to experience temperatures of about 8 ° C (46 ° F) to 14 ° C (57 ° F) from September to November.

December, January and February are usually the coldest months in Swat, where the average maximum temperature is usually 5 ° C (41 ° F).

Which is the best time to visit Swat Valley?

Considering the 365 days of the year, the best time to visit Swat is from mid-March to late May, when the weather is mostly mild. The best time to visit Swat is usually from June to the end of August when the lower parts of Pakistan are exposed to extreme heat waves and shelter is most needed in this refreshing valley. The best time for skiing and other winter sports is from December to the end of February when the upper parts of Swat, in particular, are covered with good snow and make it ideal for skiing and winter sports activities.

Finally, March to November is the best time to visit Swat with the children for family tours, school holidays, city holidays, and shot and weekend breaks. December to February is the best time for winter sports or games in Swat Valley. Winter vacations and adventures.

Camping in Swat Valley

Swat’s wide array of free caravans and camp sites make it a great place for both family breaks and outdoor adventures. Whether you’re looking for a place full of activity on site, off the grid with a little more peaceful space, or a camping pod in Swat where you can camp in the jungle – Swat is a safe place. Pitch and adjust your tent in harmony with both people and nature.

Wild camping is a great way to explore the remote areas of Swat, while helping you stay away from them all. Although wild camping is legal in the Swat Valley, it is important to keep this simple formula in mind:

Respect the countryside + be safe = happy wild camping!

Is Swat Safe for Tourists?

Swat is a safe haven for domestic and foreign tourists. Locals are keen to see foreign tourists as their local economy is largely dependent on tourism. The people of Swat are humble and historically they have a great tendency towards hospitality whether you are a national or an international tourist.

The local government has invested millions in launching a new tourism project and maintaining safety and security for both residents and tourists in Swat.

How to get to Swat by road?

Going to Swat these days is easier than ever. Visitors can reach Swat mainly by road and air. The Swat Motorway also knew that the Swat Expressway was the easiest option to travel by road. The Swat Motorway connects the valley with the cities of Islamabad and Peshawar.

Distance from Islamabad to Swat

The distance between Islamabad and Swat (Mingora) is about 230 km (143 miles). The route between Islamabad and Swat is mostly covered by M1 and M16 motorways which take about 3 hours. 22 minutes (20.7 km) from Islamabad via Srinagar Hwy. Then follow AH1 / M-1 and M-16 to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa for 1 hour 52 minutes (171 km), and finally 1 hour 2 minutes (38.9 km) from Bahrain Rd / N-95 to GT Rd Mingora, Swat. Follow for .

An alternative option when traveling from Peshawar to Swat by road is the National Highway (45). The journey distance between Swat and Peshawar is about 157 km (97 miles) which takes 4 to 5 hours.

How to travel to Swat by air?

When visiting the Swat Valley by air, visitors are informed that Swat Airport, also known as Saidu Sharif Airport, is currently closed for renovation work. Swat airport will reopen to visitors in 2021. Upon reopening, Saidu Sharif Airport will provide flights from Swat to Islamabad, Peshawar and Chitral Valley airports.

There are the best places to visit in Sawat Valley and their details is given below.

Kalam Valley

Kalam Valley, also known as Kalam Valley, is a sub-valley of Swat located at an altitude of about 2,000 meters (6,600 feet) above sea level. Kalam is 96 km (59 miles) from Mingora town, which is accessible to the north via N95. Kalam is one of the major tourist destinations in Swat with many attractions and activities for tourists to enjoy and enjoy their time.

The magnificent center of the Kalam Valley is located on the banks of the Swat River, which serves as a bazaar where goods and services are exchanged or sold. As a tourist, you get good benefits from Kalam Center as it offers many amenities including shops, restaurants, cafes, hotels etc.

One quick point to keep in mind here is that during the hot weather in Swat when tourism in Swat is at its peak, especially in the summer months i.e. June, July and August Kalam gets crowded and all the hotels are completely closed. Are occupied. So before planning to come and stay in Kalam in busy season, it is best to book your hotel in advance, otherwise you will go to the tent or camp until you return to Swat.

When you visit Kalam soon you will find that your day is busy till you are in a quiet shelter. Your passion for seeing natural wonders will take you to many places in Kalam. If you are like rivers, springs, gladiolus, beautiful lakes and waterfalls or you like to be surrounded by freshwater then you will easily settle in Kalam. If you are in the lush forests, love the beautiful and unique trees and plants and you want to see the high peaks, and enjoy hiking, then the land of Kalam Valley is yours.

Many tourists go to Kalam with friends and family to spend a memorable time in a camp or private tent. In summer, the banks of the Swat River in Kalam become a tent and camping ground for tourists. It may sound crowded but you get to meet locals and other tourists and enjoy local food with others. The camping ground in Kalam also becomes a place for bonfire, BBQ, music and dance as the night progresses.

One of the special activities that takes place in Kalam every year is Kalam Mela. This activity is also known as Column Fair or Swat Summer Festival which is a cultural and entertainment program which is held in the month of July or August every year. Even, in particular, a large number of tourists are attracted to Kalam so that they can enjoy both Kalam food and pleasant weather when the weather is hot in other parts of Pakistan.

In addition to Kalam’s National Park (Kalam’s Great Forest) and the famous Kalam Forest Playground, there are other famous places and tourist attractions near Kalam in Swat such as Mattelton, Atroor, Gabral, etc. which we will see in this Virtual Guide. Notable lakes in Kalam are Mahudand Lake, Kundol Lake, and Izmis Lake.


Midian is another beautiful hill station and tourist destination in the upper part of Swat. Midian is about 51 km (31 miles) from Mingora town and about 45 km (27 miles) from Kalam valley. The Midian Valley stands at an altitude of 1,320 meters (4,330 feet) on the banks of the Swat River, with attractive surroundings and vulnerable people. Every year millions of tourists come to enjoy the natural beauty of Madinah and to have some pleasant time in its mild weather.

Being a middle ground between Mingora and Kalam, Madian makes it a great place to take a break when you are traveling upstream in Swat. The scenic beauty of this place is surrounded by lush and lush mountains which are filled with snow in winter and bring a completely different experience. The center of Madian is not as big as Bahrain, yet it offers many facilities including shops, restaurants, cafes, hotels etc.


It is famous for its riverine tourist attractions, local handicrafts, and offers a spectacular view of the Daral River flowing and its confluence with the Swat River.

The people of Bahrain specialize in the wood carving cottage industry, which is why woodworking can be seen everywhere in the region. Similarly, it serves as the perfect base camp for a charming trail that leads to the Daral and Sedgai lakes.

A quarter of an hour after Madinah, the road passes through Bahrain. Tourists stop to shop or look at the beautiful wooden chairs and tables and other crafts. Bahrainis are a mixture of Pashtuns and Kohistanis (Torwali). Bahrain is ten kilometers north of Madinah and at an altitude of about 1,400 meters (4,500 feet).

It is another popular tourist destination by the river, where you can find markets for their handicrafts. Some houses have carved wooden doors, pillars and balconies. They represent a remarkable variety of decorative shapes, including floral scrolls and bands of patterned decorative diapers that are almost identical to those seen in Buddhist places of worship and differ greatly from ordinary Muslim designs. This place is called Bahrain because of the confluence of two rivers. (Confluence of two rivers)

Saidu Sharif

Saidu Sharif served as the political headquarters and administrative capital of Swat district from the very beginning of the state and maintained this status till the integration of the state. As the capital, Saidu Sharif hosts Swat central government offices, vocational training institutes, healthcare facilities and more.

The Saidu Sharif Stupa (excavated in 1963-1982) is a reminder of the presence of Buddhism in Swat. This is evidence of Buddhism in the Swat Valley between 25 BC and the end of the first century. Another major tourist attraction in Saidu Sharif is the Swat Museum, which houses thousands of Buddhist artefacts as well as pre-Buddhist artefacts.


Marghzar Marghzar is the home of the White Palace, the historical heritage of the state of Swat. Marghzar and its famous Marghzar White Palace are about 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) from Saidu Sharif. The Marghzar White Palace was built in 1941 by the Wali of Swat (King of Swat State).

The king made marble from Agra, bronze from Belgium and Turkish craftsmen who designed and built the palace. Made of white marble, the palace was used by kings and royal families as their summer residences. Even during the Swat period, this attractive place served as the royal guest house hosting great leaders and rulers from all over the world.

In 1961, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom visited the state of Swat and had the honor of staying at the White Palace in Marghzar. During her official visit, Queen Elizabeth II fell in love with the beauty of the Swat Valley and called it the Switzerland of the East.

In English, meadow literally means pasture or meadow. A more detailed definition of meadow is a beautiful lush place or a place where there is freshness and nature. Only the definition of meadow reveals the hidden superstitions of this wonderful place.

Its magnificent weather and breathtaking scenery, for example charming waterfalls, majestic mountains, natural surroundings and the royal luxury Hotel of Marghzar White Palace make it one of the best tourist destinations in Swat.

The White Palace is now known as the Marghzar White Palace Hotel because it serves as the best accommodation for the general public. Undoubtedly, staying in this historic royal palace surrounded by the most natural beauty of Swat is a luxurious invitation to stay and spend memorable time during summer or winter holidays or honeymoon.

The nearest villages and other notable places near Marghzar are Spil Bandai, Chittor Maira, Ghara Chittor, Chittor Pol Kali, Kokrai, Jabba Islampur and Islampur.

Malam Jabba

Malam Jabba is located at an altitude of 2,804 meters (9,199 feet) 45 km (28 miles) northeast of Mingora in the Swat Valley. Malam Jabba is a beautiful hill station, an attractive tourist destination, and home to the very famous Malam Jabba Ski Resort in Swat. In the summer, hundreds of thousands of tourists come to enjoy Malam Jabba and take a leisurely ride in a chairlift / cable car to see the sights or else it will be difficult to get there.

Also, in summer, tourists come to Malam Jabba to escape the heat waves of the city and spend time with family and friends. Many visitors are interested in enjoying the natural beauty of the place, which includes huge mountains, dense glaciers, dense forests, spectacular views and pleasant weather.

Mahodand Lake

It is located 40 km from Lake Kalam in the Osho Valley, part of the infamous Hindu Kush mountain range. The lake is 9,400 feet above sea level and is 2 km long. To get to this magical lake you have to leave early in the morning, as it takes about 3-4 hours to reach the lake. On your way there, you will find metal road patches, but most of the way is just rocks and gravel. I would not recommend taking your own car as there would be abuse underneath it. Rent a jeep from the local market or ask the receptionist at your rest house in Kalam to arrange a jeep for you.


Fizagat Park – An excellent amusement park on the outskirts of Mingora city is the first destination for tourists visiting the beautiful valley of Swat. Located on the banks of the Swat River at Fizagat, the park provides entertainment for tourists as well as locals. The biggest feature of the park is the freshwater river Swat flowing inside the park.

Kundol Lake

In the rural valley of Swat, there is an abundance of valuable nature resorts where one can find peace and respite from the never ending struggle of life. Kundal or Kandolo Lake is a place where the master of nature has spent extra time and effort in painting.

Lake Kundal is located in the north of the Uttar Pradesh valley. It is easily accessible from Kalam via Atroor, from where a link road ends at the foot of the lake in a green valley called Ludo. You can either hike from Ataroor to Ladoo or take a four wheeler to make your journey easier and minimal.

It takes about two hours to reach the beautiful valley of Ladoo. For adventure, a walk in the romantic valley will reveal many new secrets. People who take up temporary residence here in the summer plow the open ground and harvest potatoes and turnips, which are known throughout the country for their exotic flavors. There is also a small hut in Ladoo where you can have tea and get something to eat.

It takes about four hours to reach the lake from Ludo. Some locals can guide you and take your luggage if paid properly. The mountains around this small valley are covered with tall cedar and cedar trees and are surrounded by various rivers and streams. People are friendly and provide you with guidance when needed.


In this article, we have share with you the information about the Sawat Valley. How to Visit Sawat Valley by road and by air also, and best season to visit Sawat Valley, and the best places to visit in Sawat. If you like this post then please Stay tuned with us. You may also like to read more information about tourism and Best Tourists Places in Pakistan to Visit.

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